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Research Article

Exploring the Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment: Conversational Implicature or Nested Sets?

Author:

Amos Pagin

Stockholm University, SE
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Abstract

Why do participants commit the conjunction fallacy, for instance by judging it more probable that Linda is a feminist bank teller than a bank teller? The conversational-implicature hypothesis (CIH) suggests that “bank teller” is interpreted as “non-feminist bank teller”. The nested-sets hypothesis (NSH) suggests that participants overlook that the set of bank tellers includes all feminist bank tellers. Both hypotheses were tested in an experiment with 157 participants. The results, analyzed using Bayes factors, indicated that the CIH manipulation does not robustly decrease the fallacy rate (BH(0, 1.52) = 0.14, OR = 0.84). Furthermore, the effect of the NSH manipulation was substantially smaller than predicted (BN(3.04, 1.52) = 0.1, OR = 1.47), suggesting that NSH does not explain the fallacy.

How to Cite: Pagin, A., 2019. Exploring the Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment: Conversational Implicature or Nested Sets?. Journal of European Psychology Students, 10(2). DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jeps.464
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Published on 04 Apr 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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